Are Text Messages Legally Binding? What You Need to Know

are text messages legally binding

The emergence of texting in the early 2000s has undoubtedly transformed how the world communicates. Sending SMS introduced a new level of convenience and immediacy to communication, allowing people to stay in touch anytime and anywhere. And in the business world, it offered organizations a new way of building lasting business relationships.

Nowadays, many businesses rely on texting to conduct various transactions. Some even strike deals over text. But are text messages legally binding? Can you enter into an enforceable agreement using this form of communication? This article will shed some light on this matter.

Are Text Messages Legally Binding?

In today’s digital age, there are a variety of new tools and technologies that can be used to enter into agreements, and this includes text communication. But the million-dollar question is: Are text messages legally binding?

The short answer is yes, under certain circumstances. For texts to be valid and enforceable, they must meet the same requirements as any other type of contract. In general, a legally binding contract must have the following elements:

  • Offer
  • Acceptance
  • Awareness
  • Consideration
  • Capacity
  • Legality

This means that if the parties to a text message exchange agree on the terms of a contract and intend to be bound by those terms, the agreement over text can be legally binding.

However, just as with other forms of agreement, the legal enforceability of text messages has a couple of limitations you should be aware of. In some cases, with text messages, it can be quite different to explicitly establish the terms of the agreement. This means of communication is also prone to ambiguity.

Additionally, the use of text messages for agreements may be subject to industry-specific regulations or legal requirements, such as the Telephone Consumer Protection Act (TCPA) in the United States.

5 Key Considerations When Entering Into Agreements Via Text

Nowadays, it’s not uncommon for businesses to finalize deals over text messaging. It’s an invaluable tool, especially if you have time-sensitive and urgent matters to deal with. Not only does it offer fast and efficient communication, but it’s also convenient and flexible, allowing you to communicate with contracting parties from anywhere at any time.

It is worth noting, however, that when you enter into an agreement via text, there are several key considerations that should be taken into account. This ensures that the contract is legally binding and enforceable. These considerations include:

1. Content

Are text messages legally binding? Yes, but only if the content of the text message clearly and unambiguously states the essential terms of the deal. When entering into a contract via text, make sure that your text message contains the most vital information, including the parties involved, the obligations, the offer, and the duration of the contract.

This ensures that both parties have a clear understanding of what they agree to., Also, it helps to avoid any misunderstandings or disputes.

2. Intention

The intention to create legal relations is crucial to ensuring that the agreement via text holds up in court. All contracting parties must demonstrate a full understanding of the terms and conditions of the contract.

Intention distinguishes a binding agreement from a mere social arrangement or casual conversation. If one party did not intend to be bound by the terms of the agreement, the agreement might not be enforceable in a court of law.

3. Consent

One of the most vital requirements for any agreement to be legally binding is that consent should be given freely. Consent can be expressed in a variety of ways, such as through explicit agreement, acknowledgment, or acceptance of the terms of the agreement.

Any evidence of coercion or undue influence can invalidate the entire agreement, rendering the contract unenforceable in a court of law. Furthermore, mistakes and misrepresentations can also affect the validity of the contract. Make sure that you do your due diligence to ensure everything goes smoothly.

4. Formalities

Another key consideration that you have to be on the lookout for when finalizing an agreement via text is formality. Depending on the nature of the agreement, there may be legal formalities that must be met. It should be your primary responsibility to do research before proceeding with sealing the deal.

For example, some contracts, especially those that involve millions of dollars, may require written and signed documents to be valid and enforceable. Your jurisdiction also plays a role in whether or not there need to be certain formalities to be done.

5. Compliance

Compliance can also make or break your deal. Even if all the other requirements are met, if your contract does not meet any applicable laws and regulations, it’s automatically considered invalid.

To ensure that you don’t second guess your answer to the question, Are text messages legally binding, consult your legal team or lawyer. Having a professional walk you through the entire process can help you be confident that your text communication is enforceable.

Using Text Messages in Legal Agreements: Top 5 Best Practices

Although text communication is widely used in business settings, it’s still viewed as a means for casual conversations. Typically, it’s not usually seen as a form of legal document. In this vein, it can be a bit tricky to write agreements via text.

To help simplify the process, here are some of the best practices you can follow:

Keep it clear and concise

As mentioned earlier, ambiguity can render your contract over text invalid. To avoid this from happening, make sure that you use plain and accessible language to avoid confusion. It’s also ideal for keeping the agreement short but concise.

Use proper formatting

Formatting is important in any legal agreement, and text messages are no exception. Use appropriate punctuation, capitalization, and formatting. You may use bullet points to make the agreement more readable instead of laying the terms in one huge chunk of text. Proper formatting not only helps with readability but also helps the text look more professional.

Obtain written confirmation

Although text messages are legally binding, it doesn’t hurt to have a printed and signed copy of your agreement. This can also include a simple message confirming agreement to the terms or a more detailed message outlining the terms of the agreement.

Keep a record

One important rule of thumb when it comes to entering agreements is to keep a record of all your transactions. In the case of text messages, make sure to save copies of the text messages related to the agreement, including the original messages and any subsequent messages confirming the terms. This can help to provide evidence of the agreement in case of a dispute.

Follow legal formalities

Depending on the nature of the agreement, there may be legal formalities that must be met in order for the text message exchange to be considered a legally binding agreement. Ensure that all necessary legal formalities are followed, such as obtaining a signature or complying with specific legal requirements.

Fill: The Easiest Way to Sign Contracts Online

Are text messages legally binding? Yes, but there are a few limitations that you need to keep in mind. If there’s one requirement that isn’t fulfilled, it can render your agreement null and void. This can result in a massive headache, especially if you’re dealing with time-sensitive deals.

If you’re looking for another alternative that also offers speed and convenience, look no further than Fill. Our intuitive platform offers an all-in-one solution that makes contract signing a breeze. You can finalize agreements on the go using our mobile and desktop applications.

Gone are the days when you have to rely on tedious and time-consuming paper-based processes. With Fill, you manage all your documents digitally and in one centralized location. It also allows you to integrate your other business tools to build a smoother system.

Best of all, we use military-grade encryption to thwart any attempts of unauthorized access and breaches. This way, you can rest easy knowing that your most sensitive documents are safe and protected. In addition, our eSignature solution also complies with several industry and international regulations, including HIPAA, GLBA, and GDPR.

Sign up for Fill today and experience the easiest, fastest, and most hassle-free way to sign contracts.

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